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Mutat Res. 1999 Mar 15;440(1):19-25.

Lack of adverse effect of smoking habit on DNA strand breakage and base damage, as revealed by the alkaline comet assay.

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1
Department of Radiobiology and Health Protection, Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, 03-195, Warsaw, ul. Dorodna 16, Poland.

Abstract

In our preceding papers [M. Wojewódzka, M. Kruszewski, T. Iwanenko, A.R. Collins, I. Szumiel, Application of the comet assay for monitoring DNA damage in workers exposed to chronic low dose irradiation: I. Strand breakage, Mutat. Res., 416 (1998) 21-35; M. Kruszewski, M. Wojewódzka, T. Iwanenko, A.R. Collins, I. Szumiel, Application of the comet assay for monitoring DNA damage in workers exposed to chronic low dose irradiation: II. Base damage, Mutat. Res. , 416 (1998) 37-57.], we evaluated the DNA breakage and base damage with the use of comet assay in a group of 49 workers chronically exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation. There was a statistically significant difference in the damage levels between the hazard and control group. In this paper we describe a confounding lack of effect of the smoking habit on the DNA damage in the tested groups. The genotoxic effect of the smoking habit, as well as its modifying effect on genome damage inflicted by other agents, have been firmly established. However, no statistically significant effect of smoking was found in our study, neither in the control nor in the hazard group. This lack of effect was seen in all DNA damage determinations, both direct (DNA strand breakage and alkali-labile lesions) and enzyme-combined (base damage) and did not depend on the comet parameters, which were taken as damage indicators.

PMID:
10095125
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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