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Exp Cell Res. 1999 Apr 10;248(1):322-8.

An integral membrane green fluorescent protein marker, Us9-GFP, is quantitatively retained in cells during propidium iodide-based cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry.

Author information

1
Molecular Biology Department, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, 08544, USA.

Abstract

Previously, we described GFP-spectrin, a membrane-localized derivative of the green fluorescent protein that can be employed as a marker during the simultaneous identification of transfected cells and cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry (Kalejta et al., Cytometry 29: 286-291, 1997). A membrane-anchored GFP fusion protein is necessary because the ethanol permeabilization step required to achieve efficient propidium iodide staining allows cytoplasmic GFP to leach out of the cell. However, viable cells expressing GFP-spectrin are not as bright as cells expressing cytoplasmic GFP and their fluorescence intensity is further diminished after ethanol treatment. Here, we demonstrate that the fluorescence intensity of cells expressing an integral membrane GFP fusion protein (Us9-GFP) is similar to that of cells expressing cytoplasmic GFP and is quantitatively maintained in cells after ethanol treatment. By allowing an accurate assessment of the expression level of GFP, Us9-GFP allows a more precise analysis of the effects of a cotransfected plasmid on the cell cycle and thus represents an improvement upon the original membrane-associated GFP fusion proteins employed in this assay.

PMID:
10094838
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1999.4427
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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