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J Biomech. 1999 Mar;32(3):275-84.

The effect of surface roughness on the stress adaptation of trabecular architecture around a cylindrical implant.

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, City College, New York, NY, USA.


The effect of implant-bone bonding and the effect of implant surface roughness on bone remodeling near the bone-implant interface were studied by using a surface remodeling theory and the boundary element method. The study has shown that implant attachment plays an important role in bone remodeling near the implant. It has been observed in animal experiments and in clinical situations that the remodeled trabecular bone architecture around a cylindrical implant could vary, on one hand, from a hub surrounding the implant with a set of external spokes to, on the other hand, a hubless situation in which a set of spokes attach directly to the implant. It is shown here that the difference in these structures may be attributed to differences in implant attachment. The results show that the bone with perfect bonding or roller boundary condition without a gap remodeled to a hubless spoke trabecular bone architecture. On the other hand, the roller boundary condition with a specified gap yielded a spoke trabecular architecture with a hub or ring surrounding the implant. These quantitative results mirror the experimental and clinical observations. It is concluded that the hub is a consequence of the gap and not a consequence of the lack of friction between the implant and the bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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