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Protein Expr Purif. 1999 Apr;15(3):271-81.

Expression and characterization of the extracellular domain of guanylyl cyclase C from a baculovirus and Sf21 insect cells.

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Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 3-2, Suita, Osaka, 565, Japan.


Guanylyl cyclase (GC)-C, a single-transmembrane receptor protein for heat-stable enterotoxin, guanylin, and uroguanylin, and its N-terminal extracellular domain were prepared at a high level of expression from a system constructed of Sf21 insect cells and recombinant baculovirus. The recombinant GC-C, containing the complete sequence, retained its binding affinity to heat-stable enterotoxin with a KD value (6.2 x 10(-10) M) and cyclase catalytic activity at a level similar to those of GC-C expressed in mammalian cell lines, such as COS-7. The N-terminal extracellular domain was prepared in a form which contained the hexahistidine tail at its C-terminus and was purified as a homogenous protein by Con A and Ni-chelating affinity chromatography from the culture medium of the insect cells. The purified N-terminal extracellular domain of GC-C exhibited the high (KD = 4 x 10(-10) M) and low (KD = 7 x 10(-8) M) affinity sites in binding to heat-stable enterotoxin. These results clearly indicate that the N-terminal extracellular domain of GC-C possesses the same biochemical characteristics as the complete GC-C protein even in the membrane-free form. Moreover, the extracellular domain is able to form an oligomer in a ligand-dependent manner, suggesting that the N-terminal extracellular domains interact with one another in binding to ligands.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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