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Cancer. 1999 Mar 1;85(5):1067-76.

Thin cutaneous malignant melanomas (< or =1.5 mm): identification of risk factors indicative of progression.

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1
Istituto di Anatomia e Istologia Patologica, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although thin cutaneous melanomas generally have a favorable prognosis, in some cases they may undergo progression. The current study was undertaken to identify variables that may predict a more aggressive clinical outcome in these patients. In addition to classic clinicopathologic features, the authors tested the prognostic impact of three new morphometric quantitative parameters: 1) tumor thickness plus regression thickness (T+R), 2) percentage of skin thickness infiltrated by tumor cells (T/S ratio), and 3) percentage of skin thickness infiltrated by tumor cells and regression ([T+R]/S ratio).

METHODS:

The authors retrospectively evaluated 287 patients with invasive cutaneous melanoma < or = 1.5 mm in thickness. Disease free survival rates (Kaplan-Meier method) were compared by using the log rank test. A multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazards model) was used to determine the independent effect of each variable on progression. Progression was defined as any documented cutaneous local and/or distant metastasis.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two of the 287 patients (11.1%) underwent disease progression. The overall 5-year and 10-year disease free survival rates were 89.3% and 84.6%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, the following factors were found to be significant predictors of progression: male gender (P = 0.01), acral-lentiginous histotype (P = 0.02), tumor thickness (P = 0.005), T+R (P = 0.001), T/S ratio > or = 50% (P = 0.03), (T+R)/S ratio > or = 50% (P = 0.006), vertical growth phase (P = 0.04), and absence of inflammatory response (P < 0.0001). Conversely, age, site, and Clark's level did not affect the risk of recurrences and/or metastases significantly. In the multivariate analysis, only T+R (P = 0.009) and inflammatory response (P < 0.0001) were found to be independent predictors of progression. Five-year disease free survival rates according to presence versus absence of inflammatory response were 93.4% and 63.8%, respectively (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

In the current study, peritumoral and intratumoral inflammatory infiltrate and T+R were found to be strong independent predictors of progression in thin cutaneous melanomas.

PMID:
10091790
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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