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Protein Sci. 1999 Mar;8(3):689-92.

Common structural features of MAPEG -- a widespread superfamily of membrane associated proteins with highly divergent functions in eicosanoid and glutathione metabolism.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. per-johan.jakobsson@mbb.ki.se

Abstract

A novel superfamily designated MAPEG (Membrane Associated Proteins in Eicosanoid and Glutathione metabolism), including members of widespread origin with diversified biological functions is defined according to enzymatic activities, sequence motifs, and structural properties. Two of the members are crucial for leukotriene biosynthesis, and three are cytoprotective exhibiting glutathione S-transferase and peroxidase activities. Expression of the most recently recognized member is strongly induced by p53, and may therefore play a role in apoptosis or cancer development. In spite of the different biological functions, all six proteins demonstrate common structural characteristics typical of membrane proteins. In addition, homologues are identified in plants, fungi, and bacteria, demonstrating this superfamily to be generally occurring.

PMID:
10091672
PMCID:
PMC2144274
DOI:
10.1110/ps.8.3.689
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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