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J Med Chem. 1999 Mar 25;42(6):1088-99.

Novel, potent, and selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors as antiasthmatic agents: synthesis and biological activities of a series of 1-pyridylnaphthalene derivatives.

Author information

1
Discovery Research Laboratory, Tanabe Seiyaku Company, Ltd., 3-16-89, Kashima, Yodogawa, Osaka 532-8505, Japan.

Abstract

The structural requirements for potent and selective PDE4 inhibition were revealed in a 1-pyridylnaphthalene series, and the best compound (3kg, T-2585.HCl) was chosen for further biological evaluation (PDE4 inhibition IC50 = 0.13 nM, selectivity PDE3/4 ratio = 14 000). Compound 3kg showed potent antispasmogenic activities (ED50 = 0.063 mg/kg for reduction of antigen-induced bronchoconstriction, intravenously; ED50 = 0.033 mg/kg for reduction of histamine-induced bronchoconstriction, intraduodenally) in guinea pigs with little cardiovascular effects. Furthermore, 3kg induced significantly weaker emetic effects than RP73401 after oral administration in ferrets and intravenous administration in dogs (3kg, none of 4 ferrets vomited at a dose of 10 mg/kg, po and none of 8 dogs vomited at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg, iv; RP73401, 4 of 8 ferrets vomited at a dose of 3 mg/kg, po and 6 of 8 dogs vomited at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg, iv); that is compatible with the lower affinity for the high-affinity rolipram binding site (3kg, 2.6 nM; RP73401, 0. 85 nM). This may imply that 3kg has an improved therapeutic ratio because of a broad margin between the Ki value of binding affinity and the IC50 value of PDE4 inhibition (ratio = 0.050).

PMID:
10090791
DOI:
10.1021/jm980314l
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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