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Pflugers Arch. 1999 Mar;437(4):529-37.

Effects of the protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 on Ca2+ regulation in isolated ferret ventricular myocytes.

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School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9NQ, UK.M.HUSSAIN@LEEDS.AC.UK


We investigated the effects of a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, H-89 {N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-iso-quinolinesulphonamide}, on Ca2+ regulation in Fura-2-loaded ferret myocytes. H-89 (10 micromol/l) decreased the amplitude of the Fura-2 transient to 28. 2+/-4.3% (P<0.001) of control and prolonged its duration, characterized by a decrease in the rate of decline of Ca2+ to diastolic levels: t1/2 increased from 311+/-35 ms to 547+/-43 ms (P<0.001, n=7). Reduced Ca2+ uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in the presence of H-89 was also indicated by a decrease in the SR Ca2+ content, as assessed with caffeine. The apparent slowing of the SR Ca2+-ATPase was not caused by changes in phosphorylation of phospholamban (PLB). However, Ca2+ uptake in microsomal vesicles prepared from canine hearts and fast-twitch rat skeletal muscle (which lacks PLB) was decreased by 34.1 and 46.8% (n=3), respectively, suggesting that H-89 has a direct inhibitory effect on the SR Ca2+-ATPase. In electrophysiological experiments, 5.0 micromol/l H-89 decreased the L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) by 39.5% (n=6) and slowed the upstroke of the action potential and, in some cases, caused loss of excitability without changes in the resting membrane potential. In summary, data show that [Ca2+ ]i regulation, and hence contraction, is sustained by PKA-mediated phosphorylation, even in the absence of beta-agonists. However, the use of H-89 as a tool to study the role of this signalling pathway is limited by the non-specific effects of H-89 on the SR Ca2+-ATPase.

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