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Hum Pathol. 1999 Mar;30(3):331-8.

Basement membrane patterns, gelatinase A and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 expressions, and stromal fibrosis during the development of peripheral lung adenocarcinoma.

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Department of Pathology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Japan.


To clarify the process and mechanisms of the development and progression of peripheral lung adenocarcinoma, we investigated the relationships among the patterns of basement membrane (BM), stromal fibrosis, and the expressions of gelatinase A and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) in 33 lesions of atypical alveolar cell hyperplasia (AAH) and 48 lesions of lung adenocarcinoma, including 24 lesions of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC). We found that the architecture of alveolar BM was intact in all 33 AAH lesions and 11 nonsclerosing BAC lesions that formed no central scar, suggesting that these lesions are early-stage intraepithelial neoplasia. The preexistent BM of the lung was disrupted, and the BM components around the neoplastic glands were disrupted or absent in the area of the central scar of some sclerosing BAC lesions with collapse fibrosis alone (2 of 4) and in those of all of the adenocarcinoma lesions associated with desmoplastic stromal fibrosis (nine sclerosing BAC and 24 non-BAC tumors). These results suggested that, in lung adenocarcinomas, destruction of the BM was correlated with the formation of a central scar, particularly with desmoplasia. It is likely that adenocarcinomas with a central scar are advanced and invasive cancers potentially having metastatic activity. The expression of gelatinase A and TIMP-2 was associated with central scar formation as well as with destruction of the BM components. Both the neoplastic and stromal cells expressed gelatinase A and TIMP-2 and probably play a role in tumor cell invasion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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