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Trends Biochem Sci. 1999 Jan;24(1):17-22.

Protein translocation into and across the bacterial plasma membrane and the plant thylakoid membrane.

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Dept of Chemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.


Over the past decade, some familiar themes have emerged on how proteins are inserted into or translocated across the plant chloroplast thylakoid membrane and bacterial inner membranes. In the SecA and signal recognition particle (SRP) pathways, nucleotides and soluble factors are used to translocate proteins across the membrane bilayer in the unfolded state. However, the delta pH-dependent pathway in thylakoids uses a radically different mechanism: transport of proteins across the membrane is driven by the transmembrane pH gradient, and neither stromal factors nor nucleotide triphosphates are needed. In addition, this pathway, which requires the membrane-bound protein Hcf106, appears to translocate proteins in a tightly folded form. Recently, a similar pathway has been shown to operate in eubacteria, and several of its components have been identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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