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Nat Med. 1999 Mar;5(3):303-8.

Fusion of monocytes and macrophages with HIV-1 correlates with biochemical properties of CXCR4 and CCR5.

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Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. Lapham@CBER.FDA.GOV

Erratum in

  • Nat Med 1999 May;5(5):590.


Human macrophages can be infected more efficiently by M-tropic than by T-tropic HIV-1 strains, despite surface expression of both CXCR4 and CCR5 co-receptors. Western blot analyses of total cell extracts and surface proteins from multiple sets of monocytes and macrophages demonstrated substantial differences between CXCR4 molecules. CXCR4 was mainly a monomer in monocytes, but was mainly a species of higher molecular weight (90 kDa) on the surface of macrophages. CCR5 was monomeric in both cell types. A constitutive association between CD4 and the co-receptors was seen in monocytes and macrophages. However, CD4 co-precipitated with CCR5 and CXCR4 monomers, but not with the high-molecular-weight forms of CXCR4, indicating that the high-molecular-weight CXCR4 species in macrophages are not available for association with CD4, which may contribute to the inefficient entry of T-tropic strains into mature macrophages.

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