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J Leukoc Biol. 1999 Mar;65(3):397-406.

Co-expression of several human syntaxin genes in neutrophils and differentiating HL-60 cells: variant isoforms and detection of syntaxin 1.

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Laboratory of Signal Transduction and Leukocyte Biology, Instituto de Biología y Genética Molecular, Facultad de Medicina, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-Universidad de Valladolid, Madrid, Spain.


Syntaxins are major components of vesicle trafficking and their pattern of expression depends on the cell type. Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), cloning, and sequencing techniques, we have found that human neutrophils and neutrophil-differentiated HL-60 cells co-express syntaxins 1A, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, and 16. These genes are also expressed in human peripheral blood lymphocytes and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, which, unlike neutrophils, also expressed syntaxin 10. We have identified two isoforms of syntaxin 3. Syntaxin 3A, similar to the previously reported syntaxin 3, and the novel isoform syntaxin 3B, which is identical to syntaxin 3A but lacks 37 amino acid residues at the carboxy-terminal region. Syntaxin 1 was mainly located to neutrophil granule membranes by confocal microscopy and by immunoblotting of subcellular fractions. These data indicate that syntaxin 1 cannot be considered specific to neural tissues. The level of expression of syntaxins 3, 4, 6, and 11 was increased during neutrophil differentiation of HL-60 cells, whereas that of syntaxins 1A, 5, 9, and 16 was unchanged. Syntaxin 7 was not expressed in undifferentiated HL-60 cells, but its expression was induced on neutrophil differentiation. The expression of several syntaxin genes in human neutrophils could be related to the high secretory capacity of these cells as well as to the presence of different cytoplasmic granules with distinct exocytic capabilities.

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