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J Leukoc Biol. 1999 Mar;65(3):299-306.

P-selectin mediates neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cell borders.

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Section of Cardiovascular Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


During an acute inflammatory response, endothelial P-selectin (CD62P) can mediate the initial capture of neutrophils from the free flowing bloodstream. P-selectin is stored in secretory granules (Weibel-Palade bodies) and is rapidly expressed on the endothelial surface after stimulation with histamine or thrombin. Because neutrophil transmigration occurs preferentially at endothelial borders, we wished to determine whether P-selectin-dependent neutrophil capture (adhesion) occurs at endothelial cell borders. Under static or hydrodynamic flow (2 dyn/cm2) conditions, histamine (10(-4) M) or thrombin (0.2 U/mL) treatment induced preferential (> or = 75%) neutrophil adhesion to the cell borders of endothelial monolayers. Blocking antibody studies established that neutrophil adhesion was completely P-selectin dependent. P-selectin surface expression increased significantly after histamine treatment and P-selectin immunostaining was concentrated along endothelial borders. We conclude that preferential P-selectin expression along endothelial borders may be an important mechanism for targeting neutrophil migration at endothelial borders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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