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Resuscitation. 1998 Dec;39(3):171-4.

Jaw lift--a simple and effective method to open the airway in children.

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Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.


Assessment of breathing during resuscitation of children is important. Misjudgement due to failure to open the airway may lead to mouth-to-mouth ventilation in unconscious children who have retained spontaneous breathing efforts, and might lead to completely ineffective ventilation with gastric distension. The efficiency of the standard head tilt-chin lift manoeuvre (HT-CL) and the jaw lift manoeuvre (JL) for opening of the airway in children was investigated. Fifty children between 1 and 9 years of age breathing spontaneously during deep anaesthesia were studied. Both manoeuvres were randomly performed in all children by nurse anaesthetists. The time for opening and the quality of the airway was determined by a blind folded anaesthesiologist listening to the breathing sounds. The standard HT-CL manoeuvre was insufficient in 12% of the children. JL was more effective than HT-CL in opening the airway in unconscious children who had retained attempts at spontaneous breathing. The JL manoeuvre may, therefore, be recommended in situations when the HT-CL manoeuvre is insufficient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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