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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1999 Feb 1;43(3):545-8.

Linear accelerator radiosurgery for nonacoustic schwannomas.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, USA.



To analyze the results of nonacoustic schwannomas treated with linear accelerator stereotactic radiosurgery.


Between August 1989 and October 1997, 18 patients with nonacoustic schwannomas underwent stereotactic radiosurgery at the University of Florida. Nine patients had schwannomas located in the jugular foramen region, seven in the trigeminal nerve, and two in the facial nerve. Nine patients had initial subtotal resections and nine did not undergo surgical intervention. One of the 9 patients with subtotal resection was treated with radiosurgery for a recurrent tumor. Tumor volumes ranged from 0.7 to 15.4 cm3 with a mean volume of 5.5 cm3. Minimal tumor doses ranged from 10.0 to 15.0 Gy with a mean dose of 13.1 Gy. Treatment dose was specified to the 80% isodose shell in 11 patients (58%) and to the 70% isodose shell in the remaining patients. Ten patients (56%) were treated with a single isocenter, 6 patients (33%) with 2-4 isocenters, and 2 patients (11%) with greater than 5 isocenters. Follow-up ranged from 5 to75 months and the mean follow-up was 32 months. Ten patients (56%) had follow-up beyond 2 years and none were lost to follow-up. Local control was defined as clinically stable neurological status and/or stable or decreased tumor size on yearly follow-up MR imaging.


Eighteen evaluable patients (100%) had local control after treatment. All were alive and progression-free at last follow-up. Six of 10 patients with follow-up MRI 2 years or more after treatment had tumor regression and 4 patients had stable disease. Three additional patients with an MRI at 1 year showed no tumor change. Four complications in 3 patients included one worsening of a preexisting VII nerve palsy, 2 patients with new onset of hearing loss, and one with ataxia. No surgical intervention or prolonged steroid use was necessary for any patient with complications. Five patients had improvement in preexisting neurologic deficits.


Excellent preliminary tumor control rates and a favorable toxicity profile support the effectiveness of linear accelerator stereotactic radiosurgery for patients with nonacoustic schwannomas.

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