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Ital J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1998 Oct;30 Suppl 3:S313-4.

Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection: non-invasive diagnostic tests.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, University of Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

The non-invasive urea breath test can demonstrate the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection with the same accuracy as invasive methods (histology, rapid urease test, culture), but with less distress and inconvenience to the patient. It is evident that this test can and should substitute invasive methods in patients with uncomplicated duodenal ulcer, in those with non-ulcer dyspepsia and in all who have gastrointestinal disorders that do not require endoscopic examination. The urea breath test has a primary role for determining the success of eradication therapy. It is ideal for short- and long-term follow-up, particularly in the case of duodenal ulcer, which is strictly related to the presence of Helicobacter pylori. In serious disease, when endoscopic examination is mandatory, such as complicated ulcer or mucose associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, the urea breath test can still improve the diagnostic accuracy of Helicobacter pylori infection as it does not imply sampling error, to which biopsy is subject.

PMID:
10077763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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