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Relation between the serum level of C-peptide and risk factors for coronary heart disease and diabetic microangiopathy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.

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1
Department of Medicine, Koshigaya Hospital, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Syndrome X is used to describe a constellation of factors that lead to coronary heart disease (CHD): hypertension, hyperinsulinemia, impaired glucose tolerance, and an abnormality in lipid metabolism. We investigated the relationship between serum levels of C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) and diabetic complications in 256 patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. The serum level of CPR was measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Diabetic patients were divided into 3 groups according to the serum level of CPR as follows: low CPR (n = 19, <0.7 ng/ml), normal CPR (n = 174, 0.7 to 2.2 ng/ml) and high CPR (n = 63, >2.2 ng/ml). The body mass index (BMI) and the serum level of triglycerides were significantly higher in the high CPR group (P < 0.05, respectively) compared with normal CPR group. The prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in the high CPR group than in the other 2 groups (low CPR: 16%, normal CPR: 28%, high CPR: 38%). The frequency of the number of patients receiving insulin therapy was greater in the low CPR group than in the other 2 groups, (low CPR: 58%, normal CPR: 15%, high CPR: 11%). The serum CPR level was significantly lower in patients with than without proliferative retinopathy or macroalbuminuria. Our conclusion is that the present data suggest that an increased serum level of CPR is associated with obesity, elevated serum triglycerides, and hypertension in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus. A low CPR level leading to hyperglycemia is associated with the progression of diabetic microangiopathies, such as retinopathy and nephropathy.

PMID:
10077354
DOI:
10.1055/s-0029-1212071
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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