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J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Feb;9(2):204-8.

MRI of acute myocardial ischemia: comparing a new contrast agent, Gd-DTPA-24-cascade-polymer, with Gd-DTPA.

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Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.


A new macromolecular contrast agent, gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-24-cascade-polymer, was compared with Gd-DTPA for time-dependent delineation of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute myocardial ischemia was produced in 12 rats by occluding the anterior branch of the left coronary artery for 20-40 minutes. Dynamic spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for 30 minutes after injection of Gd-DTPA (n = 6) or the cascade polymer (n = 6) using equimolar doses (0.1 mmol of Gd/kg). The contrast agent-induced changes in signal intensity (deltaSI) in normal and ischemic myocardium were observed. In normal myocardium, both contrast agents caused a sharp increase in deltaSI, followed by a decline to baseline values over the 30-minute period. Enhancement in the ischemic myocardium was attenuated. Gd-DTPA showed greater deltaSI in ischemic myocardium than the cascade polymer, which gave rise to virtually no enhancement. Significant differences (P<0.05) in signal enhancement between normal and ischemic myocardium persisted for only 6 minutes using Gd-DTPA but for 18 minutes with the cascade polymer. Use of Gd-DTPA-24-cascade-polymer extends the temporal window of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for the differentiation of ischemic and normal myocardium. Identification of the ischemic zone is easier with the cascade polymer, which demonstrates virtually no signal enhancement in this territory.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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