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J Magn Reson Imaging. 1999 Feb;9(2):204-8.

MRI of acute myocardial ischemia: comparing a new contrast agent, Gd-DTPA-24-cascade-polymer, with Gd-DTPA.

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1
Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.

Abstract

A new macromolecular contrast agent, gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-24-cascade-polymer, was compared with Gd-DTPA for time-dependent delineation of acute myocardial ischemia. Acute myocardial ischemia was produced in 12 rats by occluding the anterior branch of the left coronary artery for 20-40 minutes. Dynamic spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for 30 minutes after injection of Gd-DTPA (n = 6) or the cascade polymer (n = 6) using equimolar doses (0.1 mmol of Gd/kg). The contrast agent-induced changes in signal intensity (deltaSI) in normal and ischemic myocardium were observed. In normal myocardium, both contrast agents caused a sharp increase in deltaSI, followed by a decline to baseline values over the 30-minute period. Enhancement in the ischemic myocardium was attenuated. Gd-DTPA showed greater deltaSI in ischemic myocardium than the cascade polymer, which gave rise to virtually no enhancement. Significant differences (P<0.05) in signal enhancement between normal and ischemic myocardium persisted for only 6 minutes using Gd-DTPA but for 18 minutes with the cascade polymer. Use of Gd-DTPA-24-cascade-polymer extends the temporal window of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for the differentiation of ischemic and normal myocardium. Identification of the ischemic zone is easier with the cascade polymer, which demonstrates virtually no signal enhancement in this territory.

PMID:
10077014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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