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Mol Endocrinol. 1999 Mar;13(3):355-65.

Chromatin recycling of glucocorticoid receptors: implications for multiple roles of heat shock protein 90.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA.


Unliganded glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) released from chromatin after hormone withdrawal remain associated with the nucleus within a novel subnuclear compartment that serves as a nuclear export staging area. We set out to examine whether unliganded nuclear receptors cycle between distinct subnuclear compartments or require cytoplasmic transit to regain hormone and chromatin-binding capacity. Hormone-withdrawn rat GrH2 hepatoma cells were permeabilized with digitonin to deplete cytoplasmic factors, and then hormone-binding and chromatin-binding properties of the recycled nuclear GRs were measured. We found that recycled nuclear GRs do not require cytosolic factors or ATP to rebind hormone. Nuclear GRs that rebind hormone in permeabilized cells target to high-affinity chromatin-binding sites at 30 C, but not 0 C, in the presence of ATP. Since geldanamycin, a heat shock protein-90 (hsp90)-binding drug, inhibits hormone binding to recycled nuclear GRs, hsp90 may be required to reassemble the receptor into a form capable of productive interactions with hormone. Geldanamycin also inhibits GR release from chromatin during hormone withdrawal, suggesting that hsp90 chaperone function may play multiple roles to facilitate chromatin recycling of GR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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