Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Public Health. 1999 Mar;89(3):315-21.

Potential explanations for the educational gradient in coronary heart disease: a population-based case-control study of Swedish women.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. sarah.wamala@phs.ki.se

Erratum in

  • Am J Public Health 1999 May;89(5):785.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined the association between educational attainment and coronary heart disease (CHD) and the factors that may explain this association.

METHODS:

This population-based case-control study included 292 women with CHD who were 65 years or younger and 292 age-matched controls.

RESULTS:

Compared with the adjusted odds ratio for CHD associated with college education, the age-adjusted odds ratio associated with mandatory education (< or = 9 years) was 1.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23, 2.84) and the odds ratio for high school education was 1.35 (95% CI = 0.81, 2.25) (P for trend < .01). The odds ratio for mandatory education was reduced by 82%, to 1.16 (95% CI = 0.69, 2.09), after adjustment for psychosocial stress, unhealthy lifestyle patterns, hemostatic factors, hypertension, and lipids.

CONCLUSIONS:

Much of the increased risk of CHD in women with low education appears to be linked to psychosocial stress and lifestyle factors. Hemostatic factors, lipids, and hypertension also contribute to a lesser extent. These factors may be considered in strategies geared to reducing socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular health.

PMID:
10076479
PMCID:
PMC1508620
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.89.3.315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center