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Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Apr 1;27(7):1690-7.

Identification, cloning and expression of p25, an AT-rich DNA-binding protein from the extreme thermophile, Thermus aquaticus YT-1.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.


Although the G+C content of Thermus aquaticus YT-1 chromosomal DNA is 67.4%, regions with lower G+C content have also been observed. AT-rich DNA-binding proteins may contribute to the thermostability and biological functions of these DNA regions at Thermus growth temperatures. Using double-stranded DNA (dsDNA)-cellulose chromatography, a T.aquaticus YT-1 protein, designated as p25, was identified to bind preferentially to AT-rich DNA. The gene encoding p25 was cloned and sequenced after immunoscreening T.aquaticus YT-1 expression libraries. The deduced primary structure of p25 is 211 amino acids in length with a molecular weight of 23 225 Da. Native p25 was purified and characterized as a homodimer with modification possibly at lysine and arginine residues. Its preferential and temperature-dependent binding to AT-rich DNA was confirmed with mobility-shift DNA-binding assays. The protein was demonstrated to bind preferentially to dsDNA instead of single-stranded DNA. The binding of p25 to dsDNA also improved the thermotolerence of this protein. Overexpression study of fusion p25 suggested that the N-terminus of the protein might form the DNA-binding domain or be closely involved in DNA-binding activity.

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