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EMBO J. 1999 Mar 15;18(6):1642-52.

Intronless mRNA transport elements may affect multiple steps of pre-mRNA processing.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. yhuang@panda.uchc.edu

Abstract

We have reported recently that a small element within the mouse histone H2a-coding region permits efficient cytoplasmic accumulation of intronless beta-globin cDNA transcripts. This sequence lowers the levels of spliced products from intron-containing constructs and can functionally replace Rev and the Rev-responsive element (RRE) in the nuclear export of unspliced HIV-1-related mRNAs. In work reported here, we further investigate the molecular mechanisms by which this element might work. We demonstrate here through both in vivo and in vitro assays that, in addition to promoting mRNA nuclear export, this element acts as a polyadenylation enhancer and as a potent inhibitor of splicing. Surprisingly, two other described intronless mRNA transport elements (from the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene and hepatitis B virus) appear to function in a similar manner. These findings prompt us to suggest that a general feature of intronless mRNA transport elements might be a collection of phenotypes, including the inhibition of splicing and the enhancement of both polyadenylation and mRNA export.

PMID:
10075934
PMCID:
PMC1171251
DOI:
10.1093/emboj/18.6.1642
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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