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J Biol Chem. 1999 Mar 19;274(12):8217-23.

beta-subunit assembly is essential for the correct packing and the stable membrane insertion of the H,K-ATPase alpha-subunit.

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1
Institut de Pharmacologie et de Toxicologie de l'Université, Rue du Bugnon 27, CH-1005 Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

The alpha-subunits of H,K-ATPase (HKAalpha) and Na,K-ATPase require a beta-subunit for maturation. We investigated the role of the beta-subunit in the membrane insertion and stability of the HKAalpha expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Individual membrane segments M1, M2, M3, M4, and M9 linked to a glycosylation reporter act as signal anchor (SA) motifs, and M10 acts as a partial stop transfer motif. In combined HKAalpha constructs, M2 acts as an efficient stop transfer sequence, and M3 acts as a SA sequence. However, M5 and M9 have only partial SA function, and M7 has no SA function. Consistent with the membrane insertion properties of segments in combined alpha constructs, M1-3 alpha-proteins are resistant to cellular degradation, and M1-5 up to M1-10 alpha-proteins are not resistant to cellular degradation. However, co-expression with beta-subunits increases the membrane insertion of M9 in a M1-9 alpha-protein and completely protects M1-10 alpha-proteins against cellular degradation. Our results indicate that HKAalpha N-terminal (M1-M4) membrane insertion and stabilization are mediated by intrinsic molecular characteristics; however, the C-terminal (M5-M10) membrane insertion and thus the stabilization of the entire alpha-subunit depend on intramolecular and intermolecular beta-subunit interactions that are similar but not identical to data obtained for the Na,K-ATPase alpha-subunit.

PMID:
10075726
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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