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Med Mycol. 1998 Oct;36(5):291-8.

Fungicidal and binding properties of the natural peptides cecropin B and dermaseptin.

Author information

1
Southern Regional Research Center, USDA, ARS, New Orleans, LA 70124, USA. adelucca@nola.srrc.usda.gov

Abstract

In vitro fungicidal properties of cecropin B and dermaseptin were explored using non-germinating and germinating conidia from Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, Fusarium n2oniliforme and F oxysporum. Cecropin B produced LD50 values for germinating A. flavus, A. fumigatus and A. niger conidia of 30, 0.5 and 2.0 microM, respectively, while dermaseptin gave LD50 values of 4.0, 0.05 and 2.0 microM, respectively. Cecropin B produced an LD50 value of 0.2 microM for non-germinating F. moniliforme and F. oxysporum conidia, while dermaseptin did not reduce either as much as 50% at any level tested. LD50 levels for CB were 0.2 and 0.1 microM, respectively, for germinating F. moniliforme and F. oxysporum conidia. Dermaseptin was less effective, giving LD50 values for germinating F. moniliforme and F. oxysporum conidia of 0.3 and 0.8 microM, respectively. Neither peptide reduced conidial viabilities of non-germinating Aspergillus spp. Physicochemical studies indicated cecropin B and dermaseptin bound to ergosterol and cholesterol, conidial wall constituents, but not to chitin or beta-1,3-glucan.

PMID:
10075498
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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