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Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Apr 1;57(7):837-44.

Stereoselective and substrate-dependent inhibition of hepatic mitochondria beta-oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation by the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, and ketorolac.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst NSW, Australia.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) cause a range of adverse effects, some of which have been associated with perturbances of lipid metabolic pathways. Previous data demonstrating stereoselective formation of the CoA thioester of R-ibuprofen in particular were suggestive of possible stereoselective effects on lipid metabolism. Our aim was to characterise the relative stereoselectivity of the effects of ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, and ketorolac (0.01-1.0 mM) on both the beta-oxidation of palmitate and oxidative phosphorylation in rat hepatic mitochondria as a means of dissecting prostaglandin related from non-prostaglandin-related events. Beta-oxidation was inhibited stereoselectively by R-ibuprofen (P = 0.015), non-stereoselectively by R- and S-flurbiprofen (P = 0.002 and P = 0.004, respectively), and was essentially unaffected by either enantiomer of ketorolac. At 0.25 mM, inhibition by R-ibuprofen and both flurbiprofen enantiomers was partially reversed by increasing CoA concentrations (0-200 microM). Mitochondrial respiration was moderately inhibited by both enantiomers of ibuprofen and flurbiprofen (P < 0.01), but only by high concentrations (> or = 1 mM) of the enantiomers of ketorolac (P < 0.01). Uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation measured as stimulation of State 4 respiration contributed to these effects. The data support interactions involving both stereoselective CoA-dependent and non-CoA-dependent mechanisms. The plasma drug concentrations required to achieve these effects are not likely to be attained in the majority of patients, although these concentrations are achievable in the gastrointestinal tract and may contribute to the well-known spectrum of adverse effects in this organ. Some patients do experience systemic adverse events which may be mediated by these mechanisms.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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