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Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jan 1;83(1):21-6.

Early infarct artery collateral flow does not improve long-term survival following thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction.

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Heart Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Brazil.


It is known that acutely developed collaterals can prevent the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the presence of a total coronary occlusion. However, there still is controversy concerning long-term follow-up of coronary collateral circulation to the infarct-related artery. In this study we analyze the prognostic role of collateral flow (degrees 0 to 3) as well as anterograde flow (degrees 0 to 3) in patients with AMI treated with thrombolytic therapy. Four hundred twenty-two patients (median age 57 years, 355 men) with AMI were treated with intravenous streptokinase and followed prospectively for up to 8 years. At the end of the study period, patients with collateral coronary flow 3 (n = 30) and those with flow <3 (n = 392) at in-hospital coronary arteriography had survival rates of 66% and 85%, respectively (p <0.12). Meanwhile, patients with coronary anterograde flow 3 (n = 189) and those with flow <3 (n = 233) had survival rates of 89% and 80%, respectively (p <0.04). By censored regression analysis, a negative correlation was found between coronary collateral flow degree and survival (p = 0.0498) and, inversely, a positive correlation was found between coronary anterograde flow degree and survival (p = 0.0053). By Cox multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant correlations with long-term survival: global left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.0003), anterograde flow degree (p = 0.0006), collateral flow degree (negative correlation, p = 0.0179), and medical treatment (negative correlation, p = 0.0464). Thus, patients treated with intravenous streptokinase during AMI and with adequate coronary collateral circulation had a worse prognosis than those who developed adequate anterograde flow, probably because of residual myocardial ischemia. Such patients may benefit from coronary revascularization (angioplasty or surgery) to restore anterograde blood flow and minimize myocardium at risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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