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Radiat Res. 1999 Mar;151(3):368-72.

Low-dose-rate radiation attenuates the response of the tumor suppressor TP53.

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Department of Biology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.


Acute low-dose irradiation (0.1-1 Gy, 1.33 Gy/min) of cells of a human glioblastoma cell line, A-172, induced a dose-dependent monophasic accumulation of TP53 (formerly known as p53) and CDKN1A (formerly known as WAF1). In contrast, chronic gamma irradiation (0.001 Gy/min) produced a clear biphasic response of accumulation TP53 with the first peak at 1.5 h (0.09 Gy) and the second peak at 10 h (0.54 Gy). Significantly, when the cells were preirradiated with a chronic dose of gamma irradiation for 24 h (1.44 Gy) or 50 h (3 Gy), they no longer responded to an acute challenging dose to produce a dose-dependent response of the TP53 pathway. These findings suggest that chronic irradiation at low dose rate alters the TP53-dependent signal transduction pathway. Wearing away of the TP53 pathway by chronic exposure to radiation may have important implications for radiation protection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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