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Gene. 1999 Mar 4;228(1-2):93-100.

Two short sequences have positive effects on the human p27Kip1 gene transcription.

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Department of Hygiene and Oncology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Medicine, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan.


The cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor p27Kip1 plays an important role in the progression from G1 to S phase in the cell cycle. To study the activities of its promoter and other regulatory elements, we have cloned and characterized the 5'-flanking region of the human p27Kip1 gene. This region, about 3kb in length, is GC-rich and shares homology with that of the mouse p27Kip1 gene. Transcription start points (tsp) determined by the oligo-capping method are mapped in two regions, the cluster I (-479 to -403) and cluster II (-280 to -273). The cluster I was the primary functional site in transcription initiation. The luciferase activities of serial deletion mutants indicated that two short sequences (-581 to -557 and -556 to -526) had positive effects on transcription. The gel shift assay showed that factors in HeLa nuclear extract bound to these sequences. Sp1 was the major binding factor to the sequence of -556 to -526, wheres yet unidentified positive factors bound to the sequence of -581 to -557.

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