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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1998;83(3-4):266-9.

Centrosome amplification as a possible mechanism for numerical chromosome aberrations in cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumors with TP53 mutations.

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Abteilung Organisation komplexer Genome, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany.


Although alterations in chromosome number have frequently been detected in human tumor cells and associated with tumor initiation and progression, the causal mechanisms are still not understood. One protein known to be involved in maintaining genetic stability is tumor suppressor p53. In mice, p53 has been implicated in the maintenance of diploidy (Cross et al., 1995) and the regulation of centrosome duplication (Fukasawa et al., 1996). Here we report on cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumors that lacked the wild-type p53 gene (TP53) and showed multiple numerical chromosome aberrations, as detected by comparative genomic hybridization. In these tumors, the centrosome number was significantly higher than in a control tumor without a detected TP53 mutation and with few chromosomal imbalances. These findings indicate that abnormal centrosome amplification can occur in human tumors lacking wild-type TP53 and may be a mechanism by which numerical chromosome aberrations are generated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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