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J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 1999 Jan-Jul;19(1-4):267-81.

Binding of long-term glycated low density lipoprotein and AGE-albumin by peripheral monocytes and endothelial cells.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Clinic, Wien, Austria.


Modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and plasma or tissue proteins by non-enzymatic glycation culminating in the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) is one of the essential pathomechanisms leading to diabetes-associated long-term complications. We compared binding of glycated, glycoxidated and oxidated LDL by peripheral monocytes in activated and quiescent form. Interaction via specific receptors was different for glycated as compared to (glyc)oxidated LDL-modifications. In addition, binding of glycated LDL to quiescent and activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells was studied. In patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), AGE-binding was significantly increased as compared to healthy individuals. Specific and non-specific monocyte binding mechanisms were detected, and both were significantly increased in IDDM patients. Specific and non-specific binding strategies possibly act in concert to eliminate circulating AGEs, which are instrumental in the development and progress of microangiopathic and macroangiopathic complications of diabetes mellitus.

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