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J Recept Signal Transduct Res. 1999 Jan-Jul;19(1-4):217-28.

From insulin receptor signalling to Glut 4 translocation abnormalities in obesity and insulin resistance.

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1
INSERM U 145 Faculty of Medicine, Nice, France.

Abstract

Insulin resistance is commonly associated with obesity in rodents. Using mice made obese with goldthioglucose (GTG-obese mice), we have shown that insulin resistance results from defects at the level of the receptor and from intracellular alterations in insulin signalling pathway, without major alteration in the number of the Glut 4 glucose transporter. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) was found to be profoundly affected in response to insulin. This defect appears very early in the development of obesity, together with a marked decrease in IRS 1 tyrosine phosphorylation. In order to better understand the abnormalities in glucose transport in insulin resistance, we have studied the pathway leading from the insulin receptor kinase stimulation to the translocation of the Glut 4 containing vesicles. This stimulation involves the activation of PI 3-kinase, which in turns activates protein kinase B. We have then focussed at the mechanism of vesicle exocytosis, and more specifically at the role of the small GTPase Rab4 in this process. We have shown that Rab4 participates, first in the intracellular retention of the Glut 4 containing vesicles, second in the insulin signalling pathway leading to glucose transporter translocation.

PMID:
10071760
DOI:
10.3109/10799899909036647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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