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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1999;141(1):1-11; discussion 11-2.

Profound hypothermia and circulatory arrest with skull base approaches for treatment of complex posterior circulation aneurysms.

Author information

1
Department of Neurological Surgery, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington DC, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cardiopulmonary bypass with profound hypothermia and circulatory arrest has seen a resurgence as an adjunct technique in neurological surgery. We report our experience with this technique in treating seven complex vertebro-basilar aneurysms.

METHODS:

Skull base approaches were used in all cases, providing excellent exposure and minimizing brain retraction. There were six basilar artery aneurysms and one giant fusiform vertebro-basilar artery aneurysm. All aneurysms but one had an apparent neck, which could be clipped. The fusiform vertebro-basilar artery aneurysm was trapped, partially resected, and the circulation was reestablished with a saphenous vein graft from the cervical internal carotid artery to the mid-basilar artery.

RESULTS:

Five patients had an excellent outcome and two had a good outcome at one year or at latest follow up. Two of the patients showed improvement of neurological deficits which were present before the surgical intervention.

CONCLUSION:

Applying very strict selection criteria in this small series of patients with posterior circulation aneurysms, excellent or good results were achieved using the profound hypothermic circulatory arrest technique.

PMID:
10071680
DOI:
10.1007/s007010050259
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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