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J Med Entomol. 1999 Jan;36(1):108-12.

Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) at a cattle farm in Japan.

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Laboratory of Entomology, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan.


Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 was isolated for the first time from Musca domestica L. A total of 310 fly samples was collected from 4 different farms in Obihiro-City, Hokkaido, in the summer and autumn of 1997;5 samples carried E. coli serotype O157:H7. Using ELISA and Vero cell cytotoxicity assay, 3 isolates from 1 cattle farm produced both active Shiga-toxin type 1 (Stx1) and 2 (Stx2). These isolates also carried hemolysin and eaeA genes and harbored the 90-kb virulence plasmid of EHEC O157:H7. Based on plasmid profiles, antibiotic patterns, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based DNA finger printing analysis using random amplified polymorphic DNA, pulsed field gel electrophoresis analysis, and DNA sequences of stx1 and stx2, all 3 isolates from fly samples were identical. These results indicate that the house fly is capable of carrying the toxigenic EHEC O157:H7 involved in human disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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