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Mol Gen Genet. 1999 Feb;261(1):115-21.

T-DNA from Agrobacterium tumefaciens as an efficient tool for gene targeting in Kluyveromyces lactis.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Clusius Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands. bundock@rulbim.leidenuniv.nl

Abstract

The soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens can transfer a part of its tumour-inducing (Ti) plasmid, the T-DNA, to plant cells. The virulence (vir) genes, also located on the Ti plasmid, encode proteins involved in the transport of T-DNA into the plant cell. Once in the plant nucleus, T-DNA is able to integrate into the plant genome by an illegitimate recombination mechanism. The host range of A. tumefaciens is not restricted to plant species. A. tumefaciens is also able to transfer T-DNA to the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this paper we demonstrate transfer of T-DNA from A. tumefaciens to the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis. Furthermore, we found that T-DNA serves as an ideal substrate for gene targeting in K. lactis. We have studied the efficiency of gene targeting at the K. lactis TRP1 locus using either direct DNA transfer (electroporation) or T-DNA transfer from Agrobacterium. We found that gene targeting using T-DNA was at least ten times more efficient than using linear double-stranded DNA introduced by electroporation. Therefore, the outcome of gene targeting experiments in some organisms may depend strongly upon the DNA substrate used.

PMID:
10071217
DOI:
10.1007/s004380050948
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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