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Biopolymers. 1999 Feb;49(2):167-83.

Computational investigations of structural changes resulting from point mutations in a collagen-like peptide.

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1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Computer Graphics Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0446, USA. klein@cgl.ucsf.edu

Abstract

The results of 0.5-1.0 ns molecular dynamics simulations of the collagen-like peptides [(POG)4(POA)(POG)4]3 and [(POG)9]3 (POG: proline-hydroxyproline-glycine) are presented. All simulations were performed using the AMBER-94 molecular mechanical force field with a shell of TIP3P waters surrounding the peptides. The initial geometries for the collagen-like peptides included an x-ray crystallographic structure, a computer-generated structure, a [(POG)9]3 structure modeled from the x-ray structure, and the x-ray structure with crystallographic waters replaced with a shell of modeled TIP3P waters. We examined the molecular dynamics peptide residue rms deviation fluctuations, dihedral angles, molecular and chain end-to-end distances, helical parameters, and peptide-peptide and peptide-solvent hydrogen-bonding patterns. Our molecular dynamics simulations of [(POG)4(POA)(POG)4]3 show average structures and internal coordinates similar to the x-ray crystallographic structure. Our results demonstrate that molecular dynamics can be used to reproduce the experimental structures of collagen-like peptides. We have demonstrated the feasibility of using the AMBER-94 molecular mechanical force field, which was parameterized to model nucleic acids and globular proteins, for fibril proteins. We provide a new interpretation of peptide-solvent hydrogen bonding and a peptide-peptide hydrogen bonding pattern not previously reported in x-ray studies. Last, we report on the differences; in particular with respect to main-chain dihedral angles and hydrogen bonding, between the native and mutant collagen-like peptides.

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