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Clin Nephrol. 1999 Feb;51(2):77-82.

Prevalence of hypertension in a hemodialysis population.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Academic Affairs, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accurate information on prevalence and status of blood pressure (BP) control in hemodialysis patients is lacking. Our Hemodialysis Quality Improvement Program, sought to determine: 1) The extent and control of hypertension (HTN), 2) whether Erythropoietin (EPO) dose or intradialytic fluid loss had any effect on BP and 3) a means to follow the severity of HTN.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The pre/post mid-week dialysis BP readings of 190 patients (64+/-14.1 years, 53% males, 77% whites) were evaluated over a 3 month period. HTN was defined as BP >150/90. Hypertension was further characterized according to whether the patients had normal or elevated pre-dialysis systolic, pre-dialysis diastolic, post-dialysis systolic or post-diastolic BP readings on more than 6 of the possible 13 recordings. The average EPO dose and weight loss during dialysis was correlated with BP. To better understand the extent of HTN, systolic and diastolic pressures were separately graded from 0 to 3 and a number designated as hypertension sensitivity index (HSI) was assigned to each patient.

RESULTS:

Of the 190 patients, 146 (76.8%) were hypertensive. 117 out of 146 hypertensive patients (80.1%) had persistent elevation of BP despite being on one or more antihypertensive medications. Most patients were on calcium channel blockers (39%) with 27% being on beta-blockers and 14% on Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. There was no correlation between the number of medications used and the control of HTN. The dose of EPO also had no effect on the degree of HTN. 69.8% of all HTN was systolic. Of this, 64.7% was pre-dialysis and 35.3% post-dialysis. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated a significant correlation with loss of weight during dialysis and lowering of systolic BP (r = 0.33, p = 0.0001). The mean HSI for this population was 2.3+/-1.8.

CONCLUSION:

HTN was a frequent finding in our hemodialysis population and it was controlled in only 19.9% of hypertensive patients. Most of this HTN was pre-dialysis systolic. There was a significant correlation between fluid loss during dialysis and lowering of blood pressure. The use of the HSI has proven to be helpful in differentiating type and severity of HTN.

PMID:
10069642
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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