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Life Sci. 1999;64(6-7):465-9.

Autoantibodies against M2 muscarinic receptors in patients with cardiomyopathy display non-desensitized agonist-like effects.

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Max-Delbrück-Centrum, Berlin, Germany.


Circulating autoantibodies against the human M2 muscarinic receptors have been previously shown in 38% of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The functional properties of these autoantibodies are reported herein. They were able to decrease the cell beating frequency of myocytes in cultured neonatal rat heart cells in a dose-dependent manner without desensitization over a period of more than 5 hours whereas the non-specific muscarinic receptor agonist carbachol also inhibited the heart cell beating frequency but was desensitized within 1 hour. In the same cell culture, anti-M2 muscarinic receptor autoantibodies were not able to induce internalization of muscarinic receptor whereas carbachol did. These results demonstrate for the first time that anti-M2 muscarinic receptor autoantibodies from patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy have stimulatory muscarinic activity in vitro, which differ from normal muscarinic agonists by non-desensitization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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