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FEBS Lett. 1999 Feb 19;445(1):131-6.

Sulfonylurea receptors set the maximal open probability, ATP sensitivity and plasma membrane density of KATP channels.

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Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


KATP channels are heteromultimers of SUR and KIR6.2. C-terminal truncation of KIR6.2 allows surface expression of the pore. KIR6.2deltaC35 channels display approximately 7-fold lower maximal open probability, approximately 35-fold reduced ATP sensitivity, reduced mean open time, a markedly increased transition rate from a burst into a long-lived closed state, and have no counterpart in vivo. SUR1 and SUR2A restore wild-type bursting, ATP sensitivity and increase channel density in the plasma membrane. The high IC50(ATP) of approximately 4 mM for KIR6.2deltaCK185Q channels results from the additive effects of SUR removal and KIR6.2 modification. The results demonstrate allosteric interaction(s) are essential for normal intrinsic activity, ATP inhibition, and trafficking of KATP channels.

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