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FEBS Lett. 1999 Feb 19;445(1):23-6.

Role of the third intracellular loop of the angiotensin II receptor subtype AT2 in ligand-receptor interaction.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green State University, OH 43403, USA.

Erratum in

  • FEBS Lett 1999 Sep 10;458(1):82. Obermeir G [corrected to Obermair G].

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor subtypes AT1 and AT2 share 34% overall homology, but the least homology is in their third intracellular loop (3rd ICL). In an attempt to elucidate the role of the 3rd ICL in determining the similarities and differences in the functions of the AT1 and the AT2 receptors, we generated a chimeric receptor in which the 3rd ICL of the AT2 receptor was replaced with that of the AT1 receptor. Ligand-binding properties and signaling properties of this receptor were assayed by expressing this receptor in Xenopus oocytes. Ligand-binding studies using [125I-Sar1-Ile8] Ang II, a peptidic ligand that binds both the AT1 and the AT2 receptor subtypes, and 125I-CGP42112A, a peptidic ligand that is specific for the AT2 receptor, showed that the chimeric receptor has lost affinity to both ligands. However, IP3 levels of the oocytes expressing the chimeric receptor were comparable to the IP3 levels of the oocytes expressing the AT1 receptor, suggesting that the chimeric receptors could couple to phospholipase C pathway in response to Ang II. We have shown previously that the nature of the amino acid present in the position 215 located in the fifth transmembrane domain (TMD) of the AT2 receptor plays an important role in determining its affinity to different ligands. Our results from the ligand-binding studies of the chimeric receptor further support the idea that the structural organization of the region spanning the 5th TMD and the 3rd ICL of the AT2 receptor has an important role in determining the ligand-binding properties of this receptor.

PMID:
10069367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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