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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1999 Jan;81(1):46-50.

Analysis of 118 second-generation metal-on-metal retrieved hip implants.

Author information

1
Regionalspital, Biel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Osteolysis is due to particulate wear debris and is responsible for the long-term failure of total hip replacements. It has stimulated the development of alternative joint surfaces such as metal-on-metal or ceramic-on-ceramic implants. Since 1988 the second-generation metal-on-metal implant Metasul has been used in over 60 000 hips. Analysis of 118 retrieved specimens of the head or cup showed rates of wear of approximately 25 microm for the whole articulation per year in the first year, decreasing to about 5 microm per year after the third. Metal surfaces have a 'self-polishing' capacity. Scratches are worn out by further joint movement. Volumetric wear was decreased some 60-fold compared with that of metal-on-polyethylene implants, suggesting that second-generation metal-on-metal prostheses may considerably reduce osteolysis.

PMID:
10068001
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620x.81b1.9047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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