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Endocrinology. 1999 Mar;140(3):1132-40.

Pancreatic glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor couples to multiple G proteins and activates mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

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Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA.


Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing the human insulin receptor and the rat glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (CHO/GLPR) were used to study the functional coupling of the GLP-1 receptor with G proteins and to examine the regulation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling pathway by GLP-1. We showed that ligand activation of GLP-1 receptor led to increased incorporation of GTP-azidoanilide into Gs alpha, Gq/11 alpha, and Gi1,2 alpha, but not Gi3 alpha. GLP-1 increased p38 MAP kinase activity 2.5- and 2.0-fold over the basal level in both CHO/GLPR cells and rat insulinoma cells (RIN 1046-38), respectively. Moreover, GLP-1 induced phosphorylation of the immediate upstream kinases of p38, MKK3/MKK6, in CHO/GLPR and RIN 1046-38 cells. Ligand-stimulated GLP-1 receptor produced 1.45- and 2.7-fold increases in tyrosine phosphorylation of 42-kDa extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in CHO/GLPR and RIN 1046-38 cells, respectively. In CHO/GLPR cells, these effects of GLP-1 on the ERK and p38 MAP kinase pathways were inhibited by pretreatment with cholera toxin (CTX), but not with pertussis toxin. The combination of insulin and GLP-1 resulted in an additive response (1.6-fold over insulin alone) that was attenuated by CTX. In contrast, the ability of insulin alone to activate these pathways was insensitive to either toxin. Our study indicates a direct coupling between the GLP-1 receptor and several G proteins, and that CTX-sensitive proteins are required for GLP-1-mediated activation of MAP kinases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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