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Vaccine. 1999 Feb 26;17(7-8):982-8.

TC-83 vaccine protects against airborne or subcutaneous challenge with heterologous mouse-virulent strains of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus.

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D.E.R.A., Microbiology Department, Chemical and Biological Defence Sector, Porton Down, Wiltshire, UK.


Vaccination with TC-83 virus produced solid protection against subcutaneous challenge with Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEEV) viruses from homologous and heterologous serogroups, but breakthrough infection and disease occurred after airborne challenge. Breakthrough occurred more often with time after vaccination, and was more frequent with epizootic, homologous serogroup 1A/B viruses than with enzootic, heterologous serogroup viruses. A decrease in VEEV-specific IgA levels in the respiratory tract of vaccinated mice may explain the increased frequency of breakthrough with time after vaccination. However increased breakthrough with the highly virulent homologous serogroup 1A/B viruses (compared to less virulent viruses from heterologous serogroups) may be a consequence of their greater ability to invade the brain via the olfactory neuroepithelium and olfactory nerve.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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