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Vaccine. 1999 Feb 26;17(7-8):809-20.

The effect of formalin-inactivated vaccine on respiratory disease associated with bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection in calves.

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Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


The effect of vaccination with a formalin-inactivated, alum-precipitated (FI), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) vaccine on BRSV induced respiratory disease in calves was investigated. Six month old BRSV-naive calves were vaccinated with either a FI, a modified live virus (MLV), or virus antigen negative control vaccine (n = 4 per group). One month after the second vaccination, the calves were aerosol challenged with lung wash from a newborn calf infected with a field isolate of BRSV. Moderate to severe clinical disease occurred in all calves. Calves that received FI vaccine had a significantly earlier (day 2 vs. day 4-5) onset of pyrexia and dyspnea (P < 0.05). Pulmonary lesions, consisting of cranioventral atelectasis and dorsal emphysema, occurred in all groups. Two calves that received MLV, and three that received FI vaccine, had reduced pneumonic lung area relative to controls. Vaccination with the FI vaccine resulted in more rapid onset of clinical disease, but ultimately, reduced pulmonary pathology in most recipients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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