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Vaccine. 1999 Feb 26;17(7-8):731-44.

Human antibody responses to A and C capsular polysaccharides, IgA1 protease and transferrin-binding protein complex stimulated by infection with Neisseria meningitidis of subgroup IV-1 or ET-37 complex.

Author information

1
Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Genetik, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

The protein sequences of the IgA1 protease, TbpA and TbpB proteins differ between meningococci representative of serogroup A, subgroup IV-1 from epidemic disease in The Gambia and serogroup C, ET-37 complex from endemic disease in Mali. The uniformity of restriction endonuclease sites was determined for the iga, tbpA and thpB genes among strains of both clonal lineages. Rare isolates had acquired a variant thpAB operon by horizontal genetic exchange but all other strains were uniform within each clonal lineage. The quantitative levels of IgG to capsular polysaccharide, IgA1 protease and TBP complex were measured in paired acute phase and convalescent phase sera from The Gambia and from Mali using antigens from the homologous clonal lineages. IgG levels to these antigens were also measured in paired sera from healthy Gambians who permanently carried meningococci in the nasopharynx or did not. The results showed that disease stimulated IgG to each antigen in Mali and to all but TBP complex in The Gambia. Similarly, higher levels of IgG were found in sera from permanent carriers than in sera from permanent non-carriers. Acute phase sera from Mali contained low levels of IgG to C capsular polysaccharide (geometric mean value of 0.3 microg ml(-1)) while such sera from The Gambia contained higher and potentially protective levels of IgG to A polysaccharide (geometric mean of 5.5 microg ml(-1)). The concentrations of IgG to TBP complex in acute phase sera were higher and IgG to IgA1 protease was even higher, suggesting that intermediate levels of IgG to these proteins do not protect against disease.

PMID:
10067678
DOI:
10.1016/s0264-410x(98)00257-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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