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Ophthalmologe. 1999 Jan;96(1):24-9.

[Retinal hemodynamics in patients with normal pressure glaucoma. Quantification with digital laser scanning fluorescein angiography].

[Article in German]

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Universit├Ąts-Augenklinik, RWTH Aachen.


Chronic ischemia of the retina and the optic nerve head seems of importance especially in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). The purpose of this study was to examine the retinal hemodynamics in patients with NTG.


Twenty-five patients with NTG were examined (3 weeks washout period) in this study (age 58 +/- 16 years). The arteriovenous passage (AVP) time and arterial and venous diameters from scanning laser fluorescein angiograms were evaluated by means of digital image analysis.


The AVP time in patients with NTG (2.78 +/- 1.1 s) was significantly prolonged (P < 0.0001) compared with healthy subjects (1.58 +/- 0.4 s). No significant correlation was found between arterial and venous diameters, intraocular pressure, blood pressure or calculated perfusion pressure and retinal arteriovenous passage time.


Patients with NTG showed prolonged retinal passage, which could cause chronic hypoxia. This prolongation of circulation is not correlated with any of the clinical parameters. Thus, a circulatory defect might be a primary factor in the pathogenesis of NTG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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