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Curr Opin Microbiol. 1998 Feb;1(1):66-74.

Toxins from anaerobic bacteria: specificity and molecular mechanisms of action.

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INSERM Unit 452, Faculté de Médecine de Nice, F-06107 Nice Cedex 2, France.


Major advances have been made in the past five years in the identification of cellular targets of toxins produced by anaerobic bacteria. These targets include the vesicular membrane docking and fusion apparatus, the actin cytoskeleton, the signal transduction machinery and the cell membrane. The recent discovery that large clostridial toxins (Clostridium difficile A and B toxins, C. sordellii lethal and hemorrhagic toxins, and alpha C. novyi toxin) are monoglucosyltransferases, together with the establishment of the perfringolysin crystal structure, has led to new insights in the field of toxins from anaerobic bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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