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Acta Odontol Scand. 1998 Dec;56(6):378-82.

Craniofacial growth in children treated for malignant diseases.

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.


With the improving cure rate in childhood malignancies, increasing interest has been focused on the long-term survivors of childhood cancer and the quality of their life. The severity of long-term disturbances in dental and craniofacial development is dependent on the age of the child at diagnosis, if chemotherapy is combined with radiation or not. With regard to craniofacial development combination chemotherapy has no effects compared with healthy controls, whereas children treated cranial irradiation before 5 years of age exhibit a reduced growth of the mandible. Conditioning before bone marrow transplantation with total body irradiation results in a significantly reduced growth of the craniofacial skeleton. The mandible was four times more radiosensitive compared with the maxilla. With attention to the dental and craniofacial development, occlusion and craniomandibular function, children in risk groups should be followed, and given prophylactic treatment and intervention at appropriate times to reduce the consequences of the disease itself and the therapy given.

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