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Scand J Infect Dis. 1998;30(5):530-1.

A rare case of cotrimoxazole-induced eosinophilic aseptic meningitis in an HIV-infected patient.

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Service de M├ędecine Interne, Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Villeneuve St Georges, France.


A case of cotrimoxazole-induced meningoencephalitis in an HIV-infected patient without signs of AIDS is reported. The patient developed an apparently generalized seizure, of cotrimoxazole, 1 month after first taking a dose of this drug and a febrile coma after a second dose 3 weeks later. Lumbar puncture revealed eosinophilic aseptic meningitis. The patient quickly recovered without sequelae and was given antiretroviral therapy plus pentamidine aerosolized and pyrimethamine as prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. No other adverse effects were observed. The report describes the diagnosis of this case supported by a commentary, including a literature review.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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