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Thromb Haemost. 1999 Feb;81(2):240-4.

Inhibitor antibody development and T cell response to human factor VIII in murine hemophilia A.

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Holland Laboratory, American Red Cross, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.


In order to understand better the mechanism of inhibitor formation in hemophilia A patients, we have characterized the immune response to human factor VIII in a murine model of hemophilia A. Mice with severe factor VIII deficiency caused by targeted gene disruptions in exons 16 and 17 were injected intravenously with human factor VIII. Anti-factor VIII was absent or was detected at only very low levels in hemophilic mice of both strains after a single injection of 0.2 microg factor VIII, but it was present in most mice after a second exposure. Subsequent exposures led to high titer anti-factor VIII antibodies in both ELISA and inhibitor assays. A human factor VIII-specific T cell proliferative response was detected with spleen cells obtained three days after a single injection with human factor VIII, before mice had detectable anti-factor VIII antibodies. Subsequent exposures to factor VIII were followed by an increased T cell proliferative response. These studies indicate that murine hemophilia A is a good model for the study of the immune response to human factor VIII, especially the role of the T cell in the early steps in inhibitor antibody formation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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