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Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Feb;44(2):237-42.

Helicobacter pylori water extract induces interleukin-8 production by gastric epithelial cells.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan.


In Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric mucosal injury, interleukin (IL) -8, a potent leukocyte chemoattractant, is produced by epithelial cells infected by H. pylori and directs neutrophils to the gastric mucosa. According to previous studies, the IL-8 production requires direct contact between the bacteria and epithelial cells. The aims of the present study were to determine whether an H. pylori water extract (HPE) induces IL-8 production by gastric epithelial cells and to characterize IL-8-inducing substances in HPE. Extracts were prepared from a standard strain and from strains obtained from patients with gastric ulcers. After addition of HPE to MKN 45 cells, a gastric cancer cell line, IL-8 in supernatants and IL-8 mRNA were measured by immunoassay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. For characterization, active fractions obtained by gel filtration of standard-strain HPE were treated by heating or trypsinization. To study the signal pathway leading to IL-8 production, inhibitors for protein kinase A (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC), or protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) were incubated with MKN45 cells before HPE stimulation. HPE from the standard strain and one of these clinical strains induced IL-8 production. Lipopolysaccharide or cagA in the strains showed no correlation with IL-8 concentration. Standard-strain HPE induced IL-8 mRNA expression in MKN 45 cells. Gel filtration localized activity to a low-molecular-weight fraction of about 7 kDa, which was resistant to heat and trypsin digestion. PKC inhibitors significantly blocked HPE-induced IL-8 production by MKN 45 cells; however, the PKA inhibitor or PTK inhibitors showed a partial inhibitory effect. HPE contains a nonprotein substance of low molecular weight that is responsible for IL-8 induction in gastric epithelial cells. This induction is mainly dependent on the activation of PKC but partially also dependent on PKA or PTK.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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